Technology & Innovation

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United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Canadian Public Policy (Univeristy of Toronto Press)

Best Practices

United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Green growth provides a means by which economic, environmental and social goals can be simultaneously achieved. It presents an opportunity to make existing industries more sustainable while at the same time encouraging new industries and a diversified economy. Technological innovation is essential to this transition, without innovation it will be very difficult and costly to address major environmental issues.

Addressing climate change while promoting economic growth requires the large-scale deployment of green technologies across key sectors such as power generation, transport and energy use. Although many of these technologies, such as wind and solar energy or hybrid and electric cars, are already available, they are often more costly than existing fossil fuel-based options, meaning either that further refinement is required or that new technologies must be developed. Investing in research and development (R&D), supporting commercialization, strengthening markets and fostering technology diffusion are all key policy actions required for the deployment of new technologies and innovations.

Relevance to the SDGs

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 9 and 17 call for action to foster innovation, with a special attention to the least developing countries, by enhancing scientific research, upgrading technological capabilities (SDG 9.5) and expanding international cooperation (SDG 17.6).

Explore green growth resources related to the SDGs:

SDG 9.5
           Capacity building           
   SDG 17.6
International Cooperation


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)

Learning Products

World Bank, Korea Green Growth Partnership (KGGP)
Climate-KIC, Basel Convention, KU Leuven, World Resources Forum (WRF), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)


Are you a city-dweller, concerned about the challenges of urbanisation, resilience and inclusiveness?

Brindusa Fidanza, Founder and CEO of The Ground_Up Project, outlines why the new sustainable development goals can lead to a boom for business. The Ground_Up Association, a Swiss-based non-profit, is a partner in the GREEN-WIN project.
The green economy can be an opportunity for women to gain their rightful place in the workforce. On Africa Environment Day and Wangari Maathai Day, ILO News talks with Moustapha Kamal Gueye, Policy specialist on Green Jobs at the ILO, to get first-hand information on innovative policies to enhance environmental sustainability and create decent employment opportunities.