Risk & Resilience
According to the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, resilience is the ability of a system, community or society to resist, absorb, accommodate and recover from the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficient manner, while preserving its essential basic structures and functions. Humankind faces a growing number of risks – climate change, conflict, depletion of natural resources, natural disasters, economic crisis, epidemic diseases – and other risk factors such as urbanisation and ageing populations. Because of the interconnected nature of such risks and the recognition that they often cannot be eliminated entirely, the integration of resilience into development planning has become essential.
In the context of green growth, resilience can be strengthened by multiple channels: economic diversification, ecosystem preservation, energy security, sustainable production and consumption, resource efficiency and increased resources for dealing with uncertainties. Systematically implemented, green growth strategies can be powerful and resilient in face of risks, mitigating the adverse effects of shocks, and enabling communities to meet growing demand for shelter, energy, food, transport and water. Specific guiding principles to this end include keeping the focus on development and poverty reduction, using sound science and forecasting, incorporating ecosystem-based approaches, and sharing risks through insurance schemes (UNEP, 2012).
Relevance to the SDGs
The concept of resilience is incorporated in a number of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). SDG 2 calls for resiliency in agricultural systems, SDG 9 in infrastructure and SDG 11 in human settlements or cities.
Explore green growth resources related to the SDGs: