Poverty & Equity

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Yvo de Boer, GGGI, discusses wetland protection in South Africa to scrapping fossil fuel subsidies in Indonesia, the best climate policies are pro-poor

In December 2015, one of us was in Paris for the first working day after the historic climate change agreements. The Secretary General of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Angel Gurria, had called a group together to “begin the task of changing economies so that t

On 24 June the GGKP hosted a policy session on "Linking Research and Policymaking for Inclusive Green Growth" as part of the 22nd Annual Conference of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE). In this Q&A, Professor Edward Barbier, who spoke at the GGKP's policy session at EAERE, shares his thoughts on how research can inform and shape policy-making to deliver inclusive green growth on the ground.

Although a range of other policies and interventions play a role, there is strong evidence that economic growth is the most effective means of combating global poverty.  However, the sustainability of the current economic growth path is a serious concern, inasmuch as it often drives the depletion of the very resources and services on which it relies. Because the poorest communities are often the most economically dependent on environmental resources and services and least able to cope with the consequences of their degradation, unsustainable growth threatens the effectiveness of poverty reduction and social inclusion.

Green growth aims to build a model of economic growth that simultaneously achieves poverty reduction, social inclusion and environmental sustainability. In its 2015 report Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty, the World Bank provides guidance on how to create a “win-win” situation so that climate change policies contribute to poverty reduction and poverty-reduction policies contribute to climate change mitigation and resilience building. (World Bank, 2015).

Relevance to the SDGs

Eradicating poverty and promoting equality are indispensable for sustainable development. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 1 aims to eradicate poverty in all forms everywhere by implementing nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all (target 1.b). SDG 10 addresses the importance of reducing inequality within and among countries and encourages financial assistance towards least developed countries. 

Explore green growth resources related to SDG 1 and 10: 

SDG 1.5
Impact of Climate change
   SDG 1.b
        Pro-poor policy        
   SDG 10
    Reducing inequalities    


United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment)
New Climate Economy (NCE), The Global Commission on the Economy and Climate, Overseas Development Institute (ODI)

Best Practices

Learning Products

Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), Green Economy Coalition (GEC)
LEDS LAC, Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP)
International Center for Climate Governance (ICCG)


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)