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Green jobs are decent jobs that contribute to environmental sustainability, either through employment in the production of green goods or services or through employment that utilises environmentally friendly production practices. As such, green jobs can be found both in traditional sectors, such as manufacturing and construction, and in emerging green sectors such as renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Although the transition to a green economy will disrupt current employment patterns and cause considerable job loss in certain industries, the overall transition is expected to generate up to 60 million new jobs globally, lifting tens of millions of workers out of poverty (ILO, 2012). In particular, eight sectors are expected to be impacted most strongly through the transition to a green economy: agriculture, forestry, fishing, energy, manufacturing, recycling, buildings and transport

Relevance to the SDGs

Sustainable Development Goal 8 calls for the creation of decent jobs and productive employment for men and women and developing strategies for youth employment. This also includes providing a safe and secure work environment and improved education and training.

Green Employment

Learning Products

International Training Centre of the International Labour Organization (ITC-ILO)
Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
International Training Centre of the International Labour Organization (ITC-ILO)


The green economy can be an opportunity for women to gain their rightful place in the workforce. On Africa Environment Day and Wangari Maathai Day, ILO News talks with Moustapha Kamal Gueye, Policy specialist on Green Jobs at the ILO, to get first-hand information on innovative policies to enhance environmental sustainability and create decent employment opportunities.

As the negotiations on universal Sustainable Development Goals and a new global climate agreement enter the finishing straight, an old apprehension continues to linger: the perception that the world has to choose between creating jobs and prosperity for all and protecting the climate and environm

Antoine Dechezleprêtre and Misato Sato explain the findings of their latest report, ‘The impacts of environmental regulations on competitiveness’, produced as part of the Grantham Research Institute’s programme on ‘Growth and the economy’, sponsored by the Global Green Growth Institute.