Indicators & Measurement

The design and implementation of green growth policies must rest on solid, evidence-based foundations. Communicating the need for policies while assessing their achievements requires proper monitoring of the underlying developments, progress and potential for both opportunities and risks.

Although indicators that measure either social or economic or environmental performance are broadly available, the transition to a green economy is a complex enough issue that as yet there is neither a consensus on an analytical framework nor a set of indicators with which to measure green growth. There are ongoing efforts from teams of experts to assess existing stock of green growth metrics (GGKP, 2013 and GGKP, 2016), and to establish a global framework for SDG indicators (IAEG-SDGs) (UN Stat, 2016). Putting indicators to use encourages evidence-based decision making and is crucial for mainstreaming the green growth agenda in policymaking.

Relevance to the SDGs

Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 17 calls for a global partnership towards sustainable development by strengthening means of implementation. Target 17.18 recognizes the need for increased data availability from developing countries and 17.19 emphasizes the importance of monitoring progress.

Explore green growth resources related to SDG 17:

SDG 17.18
        Data availability        
   SDG 17.19
    Monitoring Progress    

Publications

World Resources Institute (WRI), UNEP Finance Initiative, 2 Degrees Investing Initiative
International Energy Agency (IEA), International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), World Bank Group, World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD)

Learning Products

Eye on Earth, United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), World Resources Institute (WRI)
South African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON)

Green Growth National Documents

Action on Climate Today (ACT), UKAID, Oxford Policy Management Limited (OPML), Practical Action, Support to Rural Livelihoods and Climate Change Adaptation in the Himalayas (Himalica), International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)
Department for International Development (DFID) UK, Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Embassy of Denmark

Batumi Initiative on Green Economy (BIG-E)

Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus (REC Caucasus)
Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus (REC Caucasus)
Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (CAREC)