Indicators & Measurement

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“We can’t introduce additional environmental policies. Won’t they negatively impact our economic growth?”

With the endorsement of a resolution on Sustainable Management of Natural Capital for Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction during the recently held United Nations Environment Assembly in Nairobi, Kenya, a new era of correcting the compass to measure sustainable human well-being has begun

In September 2015, the UN Assembly unanimously approved its new Sustainable Development Goals.

The design and implementation of green growth policies must rest on solid, evidence-based foundations. Communicating the need for policies while assessing their achievements requires proper monitoring of the underlying developments, progress and potential for both opportunities and risks.

Although indicators that measure either social or economic or environmental performance are broadly available, the transition to a green economy is a complex enough issue that as yet there is neither a consensus on an analytical framework nor a set of indicators with which to measure green growth. There are ongoing efforts from teams of experts to assess existing stock of green growth metrics (GGKP, 2013 and GGKP, 2016), and to establish a global framework for SDG indicators (IAEG-SDGs) (UN Stat, 2016). Putting indicators to use encourages evidence-based decision making and is crucial for mainstreaming the green growth agenda in policymaking.

Relevance to the SDGs

Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 17 calls for a global partnership towards sustainable development by strengthening means of implementation. Target 17.18 recognizes the need for increased data availability from developing countries and 17.19 emphasizes the importance of monitoring progress.

Explore green growth resources related to SDG 17:

SDG 17.18
        Data availability        
   SDG 17.19
    Monitoring Progress    


Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP)

Learning Products

Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)
Sabin Center for Climate Change Law, Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP
NDC Partnership


Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)

Batumi Initiative on Green Economy (BIG-E)

Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus (REC Caucasus)
Regional Environmental Centre for the Caucasus (REC Caucasus)
Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (CAREC)