Climate Change

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Michael Mullan leads the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s (OECD) work on climate change adaptation, including analysis of adaptation policies in OECD countries, integrating adaptation into development assistance, and cross-cutting economic issues. He will be presenting his recent research, ‘Climate-resilient Infrastructure: Getting the policies right’ at the Fifth GGKP Annual Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure, hosted by the World Bank in November 2017.

Can the international trade system be a catalyst for reforming fossil fuel subsidies (FFSs) to help relieve the burden on the public purse, reduce local and global air pollution, improve energy security and tackle climate change? 

A global survey of 50 companies found that 40% of hydropower operators see evidence of climate change already influencing their engineering and design measure to a large extent. Yet most hydropower facility investors and operators do not consider future climate conditions, nor do energy planners adequately assess climate change risks in power planning.

The science is unequivocal that humans are the cause of global warming and major changes are already being observed in recent extreme events. There is alarming evidence that important tipping points, leading to irreversible changes in major ecosystems and the planetary climate system, may already have been reached or passed. The current global mean temperature is about 0.87°C above pre-industrial levels (NASA, 2015) and continuous to increase.

One of the most urgent challenges facing countries across the world today is how to achieve economic prosperity and development while also combating climate change.

Relevance to the SDGs

Following the inauguration of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 13, the Paris Agreement pledges to keep temperature rise under 2°C and calls for global partnership in combating climate change through mitigation and adaptation measures.

Explore green growth resources related to SDG 13:


SDG 13.2
National Climate Plans
   SDG 13.a
   Green Climate Fund   


Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform and the Just Transition
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI), The Green Initiative
Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

Learning Products

Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific
UN Environment, Environmental Law Institute, the Earth Institute at Columbia University, Duke University, University of California


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN)