Metals & Minerals

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Economic activity, in particular within the building and manufacturing sectors, strongly depends on the supply of mineral and metals as core raw materials. In 2010, the global mining industry was valued at US$ 644 billion, three times higher than its value in 2000 (ICMM, 2012). This growth is expected to continue, fueled by the rapid industrialization of developing countries and the development of more metal intensive technologies in the developed world.

Green growth policies are important to reduce the negative impacts of the mining sector on ecosystems and landscapes, including pollution, dangerous waste and carbon emission; they are also critical for reducing the ecological footprint of these materials across their entire life-cycle, from extraction to final user, helping to promote the sustainable growth of the industry and the creation of new jobs.


United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Copper Association Southeast Asia, Electrical and Electronics Institute, SIRIM QAS International, Integrated Institute of Electrical Engineers, Research Center for Energy and Environment (RCEE)
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment)

Learning Products

National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAP) Forum, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Governance of Extractive Industries (GOXI), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment)
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP)


Resource Recovery from Waste