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With the Asia-Pacific region rapidly urbanising and the vast majority of the region facing water scarcity, cities are likely to face water insecurity. To become water secure cities will need to balance rising demand for water with limited supplies.
Claire Jolly and Barrie Stevens, OECD, discuss the new report 'The Ocean Economy in 2030' that explores the growth prospects for the ocean economy, its capacity for future employment creation and innovation, and its role in addressing global challenges.
Dr. Prasoon Agarwal, Siddarthan Balasubramania and Ajith Radhakrishnan, from GGGI, discuss the game-changing potential of Micro Irrigation technology in the agricultural sector in Karnataka, India.

Water is fundamental to food production and ecosystem services as well as vital for industrial production and energy generation. However, nearly 700 million people currently lack access to clean drinking water, 2.3 billion lack access to improved sanitation services and around 1,000 children under five die every day as a result of lack of access to clean water and adequate sanitation services (WHO, 2015,  World Bank, 2015). With water demand projected to increase, the World Bank estimates a 40 per cent shortfall between forecasted demand and available supply by 2030 (World Bank, 2015).

The challenge lies in finding a way to use the world’s water more efficiently and make it available to all at a reasonable cost, while leaving sufficient quantities to sustain the environment. Green growth policies in the water sector can address issues of both quantity and quality by encouraging water-related innovation and investment in green infrastructure, and through integration with policies in other relevant sectors.

Relevance to SDGs

Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 addresses the sustainable management of water and includes the preservation of water-related ecosystems, including wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes.

Explore green growth resources relate to SDG 6:

SDG 6.2
   SDG 6.4
     use efficiency     
   SDG 6.5


World Resources Institute (WRI), Champions 12.3
and the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Best Practices

Learning Products

Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)