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Although transport is central to the lives of people across the world, our dependence on fossil fuel-driven motor vehicles has generated a range of serious environmental, social, and economic costs. The sector currently emits nearly a quarter of the world’s energy-related CO2 and generates more than 75 per cent of the air pollution in urban areas (WRI, 2014), contributing to 3.7 million premature deaths in 2012. Moreover, with passenger travel expected to more than double, CO2 emissions from transport are expected to grow between 30 to 110 per cent (OECD, 2015).

Greening the transport sector can reduce congestion, air pollution, and improve wellbeing through better management and a shift away from fossil fuel combustion engines. It has the potential to create jobs through the development of public transport infrastructure and can help alleviate poverty by encouraging affordable transport and improving access to markets and other essential facilities.

Expert assistance on sustainable transportation policy is available for representatives of government agencies and to technical institutes supporting them through the LEDS Global Partnership Remote Expert Assistance on LEDS (REAL) service.

Relevance to SDGs

Sustainable Development Goal 11, specifically target 11.2, calls for sustainable transport and increased accessibility for all. In addition, SDG 9.1 calls for more reliable and resilient transport infrastructure.

SDG 9.1
Resilient Transport Infrastructure
   SDG 11.2
            Sustainable Transport            


United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS)

Case Studies

Learning Products

International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), MAVA Foundation
TUMI Network, ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability
Environmental Defense Fund (EDF)


Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH