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Affordable and reliable access to infrastructure is critical for development, with major implications for health, education, social mobility, firm productivity, climate change, energy, forests and biodiversity. But access alone is not enough. What we really need is sustainable infrastructure. Sustainable infrastructure will provide the services and foundation for growth that are needed to reduce poverty and boost shared prosperity – but to get there, we must substantially increase financing for infrastructure in the developing world.

If urbanisation is one of the most important global trends of the 21st century, with some 70% of the world’s population forecasted to live in cities by 2050, then urbanisation in Africa – and the ways in which that growth occurs – marks one of the most significant opportunities for achieving glob

In November 2012 General Motors (GM) opened its new GM China Advanced Technical Center in Shanghai, as part of its global network of Research and Development (R&D) labs. This new research centre employs 300 scientists to conduct research on lightweight materials and battery cells for the development of hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and electric vehicles, such as the new ENV 2.0.

Although transport is central to the lives of people across the world, our dependence on fossil fuel-driven motor vehicles has generated a range of serious environmental, social, and economic costs. The sector currently emits nearly a quarter of the world’s energy-related CO2 and generates more than 75 per cent of the air pollution in urban areas (WRI, 2014), contributing to 3.7 million premature deaths in 2012. Moreover, with passenger travel expected to more than double, CO2 emissions from transport are expected to grow between 30 to 110 per cent (OECD, 2015).

Greening the transport sector can reduce congestion, air pollution, and improve wellbeing through better management and a shift away from fossil fuel combustion engines. It has the potential to create jobs through the development of public transport infrastructure and can help alleviate poverty by encouraging affordable transport and improving access to markets and other essential facilities.

Expert assistance on sustainable transportation policy is available for representatives of government agencies and to technical institutes supporting them through the LEDS Global Partnership Remote Expert Assistance on LEDS (REAL) service.

Relevance to SDGs

Sustainable Development Goal 11, specifically target 11.2, calls for sustainable transport and increased accessibility for all. In addition, SDG 9.1 calls for more reliable and resilient transport infrastructure.

SDG 9.1
Resilient Transport Infrastructure
   SDG 11.2
            Sustainable Transport            


Fisch-Romito_Investment needs for transport infrastructures along low carbon pathways
Centre International de Recherche sur l’Environnement et le Développement (CIRED), GGKP Annual Conference
Kang_Sustainable Transport through Provision of Electric Vehicle Taxis_A Case Study in Seoul
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), Seoul National University, GGKP Annual Conference

Best Practices

Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), Green Growth Best Practice (GGBP)

Learning Products

Low Emission Development Strategies Global Partnership (LEDS GP)
Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), WWF


Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH