Tourism

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In 2014, the tourism sector accounted for 10 per cent of global GDP and 277 million jobs (1 in 11 jobs) (WTTC, 2014). Tourism is the most important source of foreign exchange and foreign direct investment for many developing countries. However, it also contributes 5 per cent of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as a result of rapid growth in both domestic and international travel, an increasing tendency towards travelling longer distances over shorter periods of time, and the increasing preference for energy-intensive modes of transportation (UNEP, 2012).

Greening the tourism sector allows tourism growth, environmental conservation and social wellbeing to be mutually reinforcing – with green tourism creating new, green jobs, supporting the local economy and reducing poverty.

Relevance to the SDGs

The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets 8.9 and 12.b address sustainable tourism’s role in creating jobs and promoting local culture and products. Target 14.7 identifies the economic benefits of tourism for Small Islanded Developing States (SIDS) and least developed countries.

Explore green growth resources related to SDGs:

SDG 8.9
             Sustainable Tourism             
   SDG 14.7
Small Islanded Developing States
   

Publications

Natural Heritage, Natural Wealth_Highlighting the Economic Benefits of the Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System World Heritage Site
Belize Fisheries Department, Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF), Southern Environmental Association (SEA) Belize, Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Belize, Belize Audubon Sociery, Wildtracks Belize
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment)

Best Practices

United States Agency for International Development (USAID), World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UNESCWA)

Learning Products

Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Iskandar Regional Development Authority (IRDA)

Projects

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)

Batumi Initiative on Green Economy (BIG-E)