Tourism

You are here

World Bank Photo Collection (Flickr)

Best Practices

Center for Environment and Development for the Arab Region and Europe (CEDARE), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

In 2014, the tourism sector accounted for 10 per cent of global GDP and 277 million jobs (1 in 11 jobs) (WTTC, 2014). Tourism is the most important source of foreign exchange and foreign direct investment for many developing countries. However, it also contributes 5 per cent of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as a result of rapid growth in both domestic and international travel, an increasing tendency towards travelling longer distances over shorter periods of time, and the increasing preference for energy-intensive modes of transportation (UNEP, 2012).

Greening the tourism sector allows tourism growth, environmental conservation and social wellbeing to be mutually reinforcing – with green tourism creating new, green jobs, supporting the local economy and reducing poverty.

Relevance to the SDGs

The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets 8.9 and 12.b address sustainable tourism’s role in creating jobs and promoting local culture and products. Target 14.7 identifies the economic benefits of tourism for Small Islanded Developing States (SIDS) and least developed countries.

Explore green growth resources related to SDGs:

SDG 8.9
             Sustainable Tourism             
   SDG 14.7
Small Islanded Developing States
   

Projects

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)

Learning Products

Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Iskandar Regional Development Authority (IRDA)

Insights

The green economy can be an opportunity for women to gain their rightful place in the workforce. On Africa Environment Day and Wangari Maathai Day, ILO News talks with Moustapha Kamal Gueye, Policy specialist on Green Jobs at the ILO, to get first-hand information on innovative policies to enhance environmental sustainability and create decent employment opportunities.
Julia Karst, GIZ, discusses their recent study which analyses macroeconomic choices needed for the Government of Costa Rica to reach its 2021-target of carbon neutrality.
Anja von Moltke, Acting Head of UNEP's Trade, Policy and Planning Unit, outlines the imperative for greening international trade, as presented in the new UNEP Report: "Green Economy and Trade - Trends, Challenges and Opportunities."

Batumi Initiative on Green Economy (BIG-E)