Tourism

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Tourism is the most important source of foreign exchange and foreign direct investment for many developing countries. However, the rapid growth in both international and domestic travel, the trends to travel farther and over shorter periods of time, and the preference given to energy-intensive transportation are increasing the non-renewable energy dependency of tourism, resulting in the sector’s contribution of 5% to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (UNEP, 2012)

Greening the tourism sector allows tourism growth, environmental conservation and social well-being to be mutually reinforcing – with green tourism creating new, green jobs, supporting the local economy and reducing poverty.

Relevance to the SDGs

The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets 8.9 and 12.b address sustainable tourism’s role in creating jobs and promoting local culture and products. Target 14.7 identifies the economic benefits of tourism for Small Islanded Developing States (SIDS) and least developed countries.

Explore green growth resources related to SDGs:

SDG 8.9
             Sustainable Tourism             
   SDG 14.7
Small Islanded Developing States
   

Green Growth National Documents

European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), Switch Africa Green

Case Studies

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), ECODIT, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
United States Agency for International Development (USAID), World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Learning Products

World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), Social & Human Capital Coalition
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

Projects

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

Batumi Initiative on Green Economy (BIG-E)