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A global survey of 50 companies found that 40% of hydropower operators see evidence of climate change already influencing their engineering and design measure to a large extent. Yet most hydropower facility investors and operators do not consider future climate conditions, nor do energy planners adequately assess climate change risks in power planning.
A rush of innovation in off-grid energy markets linked to falling solar prices and mobile-enabled payment schemes has led to an upsurge in clean and affordable energy access for households in poor or remote communities. But how can this growth in household energy use be matched by 'productive uses' of energy (PUE) – powering local farms and enterprises and helping to build the economy?

Karnataka is the fifth most industrialised state in India and among the top producers of cement and iron and steel.

According to the International Energy Agency, world energy consumption is expected to grow by one-third to 2040, primarily in non-OECD countries such as China and India (IEA, 2015). Growing populations and rising incomes will place added pressure on the current energy system.

With fossil fuels still dominating the global energy mix, communities, businesses, and national governments are confronted by the energy tri-lemma: assuring energy security, combating climate change by reducing emissions, and addressing energy poverty (World Energy Council, 2016). To help address this, the Clean Energy Solutions Center provides no-cost expert assistance on clean energy policy to representatives of government agencies and to technical institutes supporting them.

Relevance to SDGs

In line with Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7, there is a global movement to address these challenges by substantially increasing investment in renewable energy technologies and implementation, doubling the rate of improvement to energy efficiency, and changing user behaviours, with the aim to achieve absolute decoupling between energy consumption and economic growth.

Explore green growth resources related to SDG 7:

SDG 7.2
Renewable Energy
   SDG 7.3
Energy Efficiency
   SDG 7.a
      Energy R&D      


Accelerating Mini-grid Deployment in Sub-Saharan Africa
Tanzania Traditional Energy Development Organization (TaTEDO), World Resources Institute (WRI)
Phase-out 2020_Monitoring Europe's fossil fuel subsidies
Overseas Development Institute (ODI), Climate Action Network (CAN) Europe
The Land-Water-Energy Nexus_Biophysical and Economic Consequences
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Best Practices

Low Emissions Development Strategies Global Partnership (LEDS GP), United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

Learning Products

Renewable Energy Academy (RENAC), Green Budget Germany
Strathclyde University, United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)
The Frankfurt School - UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance