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Biodiversity – or the variability within and among genetic resources, species and ecosystems – is often referred to as the “living fabric of our planet”. A significant driver of sustainable growth and development, it provides the biological foundation from which ecosystems deliver a wide range of goods and services that support human livelihoods and activities. Yet the tendency to overlook environmental impacts and dependencies in economic decision-making has had serious implications for both environmental and human well-being.

Biodiversity and ecosystems thus present crucial opportunities in terms of marrying economic growth and environmental conservation. Numerous initiatives, including ”The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity” (TEEB) and ”Wealth Accounting and the Valuation of Ecosystem Services” (WAVES), seek to help policy makers and practitioners incorporate the “living fabric” into development planning, accounting and decision-making.

Relevance to SDGs

Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 15 covers biodiversity loss. In particular, goal 15.5 covers halting the loss of biodiversity and 15.9 emphasizes the integration of biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts.

Explore green growth resources related to SDG 15:

SDG 15.5
   SDG 15.9
National Planning


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)

Learning Products


On 24 June the GGKP hosted a policy session on "Linking Research and Policymaking for Inclusive Green Growth" as part of the 22nd Annual Conference of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE). In this Q&A, Professor Edward Barbier, who spoke at the GGKP's policy session at EAERE, shares his thoughts on how research can inform and shape policy-making to deliver inclusive green growth on the ground.
Julia Karst, GIZ, discusses their recent study which analyses macroeconomic choices needed for the Government of Costa Rica to reach its 2021-target of carbon neutrality.
Juliano Assunção and Joana Chiavari from the Climate Policy Initiative discuss a new study exploring paths to more efficient land use in Brazil.