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Are you a city-dweller, concerned about the challenges of urbanisation, resilience and inclusiveness?

Carlo Carraro, GGKP Advisory Committee Chair, discusses the impact of climate-related disasters in the agricultural industry and the role that insurance systems play.
Dr. Prasoon Agarwal, Siddarthan Balasubramania and Ajith Radhakrishnan, from GGGI, discuss the game-changing potential of Micro Irrigation technology in the agricultural sector in Karnataka, India.

Approximately 70 percent of the rural poor rely on agriculture for their livelihoods. In developing countries, it is a major occupational sector and primary source of income for the poor. World Bank statistics (2014) show that, whereas agriculture value-added as a percentage of GDP is 3 per cent for the world on average, it is 32 per cent for low-income countries.

Greening the agricultural sector involves addressing poverty as well as meeting the nutritional needs of a growing global population while also minimizing the environmental degradation associated with certain agricultural practices. According to UNEP’s Green Economy Report, the greening of agriculture refers to the increasing use of farming practices and technologies that simultaneously:

  • Maintain and increase productivity and profitability while ensuring sustainability of food and ecosystem services;
  • Reduce negative externalities (e.g. emissions) and gradually increase positive ones (e.g. carbon sink or biodiversity); 
  • Rebuild natural capital assets by using resources more efficiently.

Relevance to SDGs

Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 emphasizes the need for a global partnership to “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture”. Green growth has an important role to play in fostering interlinkages between sustainable agriculture and the empowerment of smallholder farmers, ending rural poverty and promoting gender equality.

Explore green growth resources related to SDG 2: 

SDG 2.3
   SDG 2.4
   SDG 2.b
Agri-food Trade


Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
Greening the Rural Economy and Green Jobs
International Labour Organization (ILO)
The Role of Digital Payments in Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Secretariat, The Better Than Cash Alliance

Best Practices

Learning Products

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH