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March 2018
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
This report, Decarbonising Maritime Transport, examines what would be needed to achieve zero CO2 emissions from international maritime transport by 2035.
World Bank Group

The objective of the Sustainable Urban Transport Project is to promote environmentally sustainable urban transport in India and to improve the usage of environment friendly transport modes through demonstration projects in selected cities.

May 2011
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)

This study shows how transport affects social, economic and environmental sustainability. It deals with issues and best practices for inland transport, namely road, rail, inland waterway and intermodal transport.

November 2017
Ricardo Energy and Environment, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

The report Transport in Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) summarises case study findings from rapidly-motorising countries, including Bangladesh, Colombia, Georgia, Kenya, Nigeria, Peru and Viet Nam.

June 2012
International Trade Centre (ITC), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)
While international transport – aviation and maritime shipping – is an important facilitator and driver of trade, it also contributes significantly to climate change. This paper states that the regulation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from international transport would help mitigate climate change, as well as support a green economy transition.

Hungary commits to conserve the rate of public transport use by revising relevant policies and reevaluate national budget for planning and implementation, development of public transport services and devices, alignment of intelligent transport systems (ITSs),reinforcement of information campaigns


Portugal commits to improving the quality of public transport services and reducing the use of individual motorised transport.

November 2014
London School of Economics and Political Science, New Climate Economy (NCE), Global Commission on the Economy and Climate

This paper, produced through the New Climate Economy Cities Research Programme, focuses on one central aspect of urban development: transport and urban form and how the two shape the provision of access to people, goods and services, and information in cities.

August 2012
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP)

As cities are growing in terms of population and physical size, their contributions to national GDP are also increasing due to increased economic activities in urban areas.

December 2018
International Transport Forum (ITF)
This policy brief, How to Better Reflect Transport in Climate Action Efforts, addresses the transport sector, the second-largest emitting sector in the world, and how to streamline it into the climate change policy process.