This report focuses on the challenges and opportunities faced by developing countries that are related to the Paris Agreement, both emerging as well as the least developed and most vulnerable countries. The paper is based primarily on the emerging evidence and experience gained on the ground in the Global Green Growth Institute's (GGGI) 30 member countries in recent years, complemented by the published results of leading organizations in each of the areas reviewed.
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), Sustainable Healthy Cities Network, United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), Environmental Change Institute (ECI), Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC-Mistral)
This policy brief, The Infrastructure And Climate Change Nexus: Integrated approaches as a catalyst for transformational change, explores interlinkages between climate change mitigation and adaptation, and diverse forms of infrastructure. Given that infrastructure in every sector has climate implications, the brief raises awareness about the need for an integrated approach to the planning and development of resilient, low-carbon infrastructure assets to achieve the targets enshrined in the Paris Agreement and to boost climate-smart growth.
This report provides investment potential estimates across six key sectors (waste, renewable energy, public transportation, water, electric vehicles, and green buildings). Sector-specific investment potentials are estimated at the global and regional levels. The report also addresses urban resilience, financing solutions, and includes six deep dives into specific cities – one from each region – representing various sizes and stages of development:
Low-carbon buses (LCBs), which include hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and different types of electric buses, have been promoted widely in cities in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). This report summarizes the experience of 16 cities in the PRC with an urban bus fleet of 70,000 units, and includes performance data on around 20,000 LCBs, of which nearly 10,000 are pure electric vehicles. The objective of this report is to show real world performance data on LCBs in the PRC, their environmental and financial impact, as well as policies used to promote LCBs.
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21), Agora Verkehrswende
This study provides a clear picture of the state of G20 transport emissions, analyses already existing approaches for decarbonising the transport sector and stresses the urgency of putting ambitious climate action on the political agenda. It includes factsheets on each G20 member that shed light on the specific situation and challenges in each country, including existing goals and efforts. The report concludes by comparing stated ambition with implemented policies and actions while also considering required global reductions in the transport sector to keep the global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius.
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), Environmental Change Institute (ECI), Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC-Mistral), Global Environmental Policy Programme (GEPP), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), The Nature Conservancy, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF)
This policy brief, Mainstreaming Biodiversity In The Infrastructure Sector: Fostering system-level approaches, explores interlinkages between biodiversity, ecosystems, and landscapes and diverse forms of infrastructure. Recognising that this nexus is central to achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, it calls attention to the need for an integrated approach to infrastructure planning and development to mainstream biodiversity in the infrastructure sector.
The report Mission Possible: Reaching net-zero emissions from harder-to-abate sectors by mid-century describes the technical and economic feasibility of hard-to-abate sectors to reach net-zero carbon emissions, the way to manage the transition to net-zero carbon emissions in heavy industry and heavy-duty transport and the measures policymakers, investors, businesses and consumers must follow to accelerate the change.
This Pilot-Study for the Analysis of the Environmental Impacts of Commodities Traded in Switzerland evaluates the environmental impacts of commodities traded by Swiss companies without being physically transported to Switzerland. Like this, they are excluded from foreign trade statistics or input-output analysis. With Switzerland trading 20-65% of global trade, depending on the commodity, this pilot-study closes this gap.
Charging Ahead: The Growth of Electric Car and Bus Markets in Latin American Cities addresses a number of critical questions about electric transportation in Latin America, drawing on case studies of six urban electric car and bus markets that have seen among the fastest growth in the region.
What is Driving Changes in Local GHG Emissions?: Results from contribution analysis presents results from applying a new technique called Contribution Analysis to three sets of local community greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory data in the US.