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June 2012
International Trade Centre (ITC), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Food exporters are increasingly being asked by retailers to measure and reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of their products, and new market requirements have emerged, mainly in the form of standards on ‘product carbon footprinting’ (PCFs).

June 2012
International Trade Centre (ITC), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

The market for environmental services is substantial and growing. This policy brief argues that if well managed, liberalisation of trade in environmental services can provide substantial benefits to the private sector as well as the general public.

June 2012
International Trade Centre (ITC), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Export restrictions are implemented nowadays with the aim of achieving a number of goals, such as food security, industrial development, environmental protection and natural resource conservation.

June 2012
International Trade Centre (ITC), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)
While international transport – aviation and maritime shipping – is an important facilitator and driver of trade, it also contributes significantly to climate change. This paper states that the regulation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from international transport would help mitigate climate change, as well as support a green economy transition.
June 2012
International Trade Centre (ITC), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)
Sustainability standards have emerged in the marketplace for food, textiles and a wide range of consumer goods and services, and their role continues to grow, particularly in emerging markets.
June 2012
International Trade Centre (ITC), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)
The paper indicates that policies promoting greener and sustainable agriculture offer multiple economic, social and environmental benefits, including a number of trade opportunities. However, there are some challenges, such as the increasing demand for food, and the increasing global water stress, which will require the adoption of practices that enhance water-use efficiencies.
June 2012
International Trade Centre (ITC), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)
The impact of trade on a green economy transition depends in large part on how trade policies are designed and applied.
June 2012
International Trade Centre (ITC), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)
Trade liberalisation can provide access to green goods and technologies at lower cost and greater efficiency.
June 2010
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), European Patent Office (EPO), International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Technology development and its rapid diffusion are considered crucial for tackling the climate change challenge.