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June 2015
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), Intergovernmental Group of Twenty Four (G-24)

This paper expands upon existing literature by proposing a wider definition of what constitutes green infrastructure. It then develops a holistic cost model by defining and quantifying the investment categories that should be considered part of green infrastructure.

June 2015
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), Intergovernmental Group of Twenty Four (G-24)

This paper examines investments—in the form of equity or debt—in direct investments to infrastructure. It first introduces the pros and cons of project finance instrument. After that, it analyses infrastructure projects as a nexus of contracts and pool of risks.

June 2015
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), Intergovernmental Group of Twenty Four (G-24)

This paper discusses some of the main challenges in developing a robust and viable project pipeline to address the daunting infrastructure needs facing many countries worldwide.

June 2015
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), Intergovernmental Group of Twenty Four (G-24)

This paper examines the public finance underpinnings for an enhanced focus on different types of long-term investments as well as on operations and maintenance of existing investments.

June 2015
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), Intergovernmental Group of Twenty Four (G-24)

This paper highlights the private sector involvement in investments to ease national fiscal constraints and to enhance efficiency in the provision of key services.

June 2015
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), Intergovernmental Group of Twenty Four (G-24)

The main focus of this paper is on the assessment of the challenges and trade-offs faced by the three major national development banks (NDBs) in emerging economies in their efforts to (1) reach the goals set by their governments, (2) obtain the resources needed to function at a meaningful scale,

June 2015
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), Intergovernmental Group of Twenty Four (G-24)

This paper highlights some of the critical operational, financial, and governance obstacles facing multilateral development banks (MDBs) to provoke new thinking on ways to maximize the potential of the MDB model for development in general and infrastructure in particular.

June 2015
Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), Intergovernmental Group of Twenty Four (G-24)

This paper highlights the suitability of multilateral development banks (MDBs) for infrastructure financing, to provide the long-term financing needed for infrastructure investment to become profitable, given the large scale of the initial investment and the lo