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November 2014
Environment for Development (EfD)

This research investigates the profitability of biofuels production in Africa, taking Ethiopia as a case in point, and suggests an oil price threshold beyond which biofuel may be profitable.

May 2014
Environment for Development (EfD)

Because the effectiveness of payment for ecosystem services (PES) programs depends on landowners’ engagement, understanding the relationship between the type of payment and participation is a key issue.

April 2014
Environment for Development (EfD)

This discussion paper hypothesizes that these findings were at least partly driven by the tendency of FSC certification to attract already- sustainably managed forests and by the governance challenges of community forestry in developing countries.

April 2014
Environment for Development (EfD)

One method to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is to subsidize emissions-reducing activities. The question is how to allocate such subsidies. Allocation through auctions is an emerging mechanism.

January 2014
Environment for Development (EfD)

Uncertainty about the future is an important determinant of well-being, especially in developing countries where financial markets and other market failures result in ineffective insurance mechanisms.

May 2012
Environment for Development (EfD)

In 1992, governments gathered for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro. The “Rio Declaration” laid out several principles of sustainable development, including the central role of policy instruments.

November 2011
Environment for Development (EfD)

This book challenges the conventional wisdom that gasoline taxation, an important and much-debated instrument of climate policy, has a disproportionately detrimental effect on poor people.

November 2011
Environment for Development (EfD)
This book is an attempt to encourage more widespread and careful use of economic policy instruments. It compares the accumulated experiences of the use of economic policy instruments in the U.S. and Europe, as well as in rich and poor countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
June 2011
Environment for Development (EfD)

This book provides a deep and systematic look at the opportunities for and constraints to investments in sustainable agriculture in East Africa, offering important insights into what works and how to analyse agricultural investments in one of the poorest regions of the world. 

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