United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
This report provides recommendations to develop and implement policy reforms supporting market formation and fostering a favorable climate for investments in the sectors of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources.
The ‘attitude–behaviour gap’ or ‘values–action gap’ is where 30% of consumers report that they are very concerned about environmental issues but they are struggling to translate this into purchases. For example, the market share for ethical foods remains at 5 per cent of sales.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Eco-innovation will be a key driver of industry efforts to tackle climate change and realise "green growth" in the post-Kyoto era. Eco-innovation calls for faster introduction of breakthrough technologies and for more systemic application of available solutions, including non-technological ones.
The paper presents a review of low carbon growth policies in two high-income (UK and Germany), five middle-income (China, India, Mexico, Guyana and Nigeria) and two low-income countries (Bangladesh and Ethiopia).
The report is designed to provide information to governments, business, academia and the public about the impact of climate change on the Arab countries, and encourage concrete action to face the challenge.