International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
This report aims to support governments of developed and developing countries in their endeavour to make energy transitions just. It brings together political and communications strategies for a just transition, building on research and case studies of energy transitions that have happened or that are happening in Canada, Egypt, Indonesia, India, Poland and Ukraine.
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21), Agora Verkehrswende
This study provides a clear picture of the state of G20 transport emissions, analyses already existing approaches for decarbonising the transport sector and stresses the urgency of putting ambitious climate action on the political agenda. It includes factsheets on each G20 member that shed light on the specific situation and challenges in each country, including existing goals and efforts. The report concludes by comparing stated ambition with implemented policies and actions while also considering required global reductions in the transport sector to keep the global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius.
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Resource Panel (IRP)
Resource efficiency is a key approach to decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation while enhancing human well-being. It stimulates innovation, the creation of new industries, and boosts economic competitiveness.
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), Fondation pour les Études et Recherches sur le Développement International (FERDI)
This year, for the first time ever, nearly all of the world’s countries are making pledges to help limit future climate change. As of 1 October 2015, 147 countries (representing about 85% of global emissions) have submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions.
Inquiry into the Design of a Sustainable Financial System (UN Environment Inquiry), United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment)
The final report of the UNEP Inquiry argues that there is now a historic opportunity to shape a financial system that can more effectively finance the development of an inclusive, green economy. This opportunity is based on a growing trend in policy innovation from central banks, financial regulators and standard setters, who are incorporating sustainability factors into the rules that govern the financial system. The report draws together practical examples of policy changes in banking, capital markets, insurance and institutional investment, drawing on detailed work across a number of countries.
This report presents a model that analyses fossil fuel subsidy reform across 20 countries showing an average reduction in national GHG emissions of 11% by 2020, and average annual government savings of USD 93 per tonne of CO2 abated.
This paper proposes a simple index of economic progress that weighs in the monetary cost induced by climate change mitigation policies as well as the health benefits arising from the reduction in local air pollution.
This year’s report includes an in-depth look at energy efficiency developments in the transport sector and in finance. Huge new waves of demand for mobility are emerging in OECD non‑member economies, bringing with them the challenges of pollution and congestion already faced in OECD countries.