United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), Imperial College Business School, SOAS University of London
This report, Climate Change and the Cost of Capital in Developing Countries, represents the first systematic effort to assess the relationship between climate vulnerability, sovereign credit profiles, and the cost of capital in developing countries.
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Forest business incubation is a support process that accelerates the successful development of sustainable businesses in forest landscapes. There is much to develop. The aggregate gross annual value from smallholder producers within forest landscapes may be as much as US$1.3 trillion.
In an effort to identify the limitations of climate finance reporting and provide key recommendations to improve this within the context of compliance with the Paris Agreement, this research analyzes the status of reporting mechanisms that exist under the UNFCCC.
The report Investing in a Green Belt and Road? Assessing the Implementation of China’s Green Credit Guidelines Abroad examines seven case studies to assess Chinese's banks' compliance with the China's Green Credit Guidelines (GCG) in their overseas lending practices.
The report Climate Investment Opportunities in South Asia offers recommendations to help unlock trillions of private sector financing for climatesmart investment opportunities in key sectors of interest to businesses in South Asia.
United States Agency for International Development (USAID), ICF International
This white paper provides an analysis of the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) for 37 partner countries in the U.S. Government's Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) program and other designated priority countries.
This report presents a model that analyses fossil fuel subsidy reform across 20 countries showing an average reduction in national GHG emissions of 11% by 2020, and average annual government savings of USD 93 per tonne of CO2 abated.
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment)
Natural resources are the foundation of economic development. This report reveals the patterns and the evolution of natural resource use with 118 indicators in 26 countries of the Asia and the Pacific region over the last 40 years.