Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
This report provides a comprehensive view of practices and developments in the governance, implementation and performance of budgeting across OECD countries. It looks at recent practices such as the application of medium-term frameworks and the use of data and analytics to highlight the impacts of policies on concerns such as gender equality and the environment.
Nordic Green to Scale 2 analyses the potential of scaling up existing climate solutions in two regions: the Baltic countries, Poland and Ukraine in Europe; and Kenya and Ethiopia in East Africa. This report reflects the study results for the five European target countries (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and the Ukraine). Ten different solutions have been selected out of those included in the two previous studies as particularly promising for that region. The analysis covers emission reduction potential, costs and savings as well as cobenefits of scaling up the selected solutions.
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), Imperial College Business School, SOAS University of London
This report, Climate Change and the Cost of Capital in Developing Countries, represents the first systematic effort to assess the relationship between climate vulnerability, sovereign credit profiles, and the cost of capital in developing countries.
Baltic Energy Technology Scenarios 2018 (BENTE) is a scenario-based energy system analysis that explores the changes in the Baltic countries’ energy systems. What are the drivers and their impacts in the following decades?
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Forest business incubation is a support process that accelerates the successful development of sustainable businesses in forest landscapes. There is much to develop. The aggregate gross annual value from smallholder producers within forest landscapes may be as much as US$1.3 trillion.
In an effort to identify the limitations of climate finance reporting and provide key recommendations to improve this within the context of compliance with the Paris Agreement, this research analyzes the status of reporting mechanisms that exist under the UNFCCC.
The report Nordic and Baltic Public Sector Green Bonds has a specific focus on the role of local governments, municipally owned companies (MOCs), state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and Local Government Funding Agencies (LGFAs) and along with Scandinavian nations includes Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in its scope.
United States Agency for International Development (USAID), ICF International
This white paper provides an analysis of the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) for 37 partner countries in the U.S. Government's Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) program and other designated priority countries.