International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
This report aims to support governments of developed and developing countries in their endeavour to make energy transitions just. It brings together political and communications strategies for a just transition, building on research and case studies of energy transitions that have happened or that are happening in Canada, Egypt, Indonesia, India, Poland and Ukraine.
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), Imperial College Business School, SOAS University of London
This report, Climate Change and the Cost of Capital in Developing Countries, represents the first systematic effort to assess the relationship between climate vulnerability, sovereign credit profiles, and the cost of capital in developing countries.
In the context of the Paris Agreement adopted by the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 2015 the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) through the UfM Secretariat (UfMS) started to look at the financial flows committed to the UfM region by IFIs and other donors. In 2009, developed countries pledged to raise 100 billion USD per year by 2020 to finance global climate action. The UfM investigates how much of this funding reaches the UfM region and how this funding is tracked and reported on.
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Forest business incubation is a support process that accelerates the successful development of sustainable businesses in forest landscapes. There is much to develop. The aggregate gross annual value from smallholder producers within forest landscapes may be as much as US$1.3 trillion.
In an effort to identify the limitations of climate finance reporting and provide key recommendations to improve this within the context of compliance with the Paris Agreement, this research analyzes the status of reporting mechanisms that exist under the UNFCCC.
United States Agency for International Development (USAID), ICF International
This white paper provides an analysis of the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) for 37 partner countries in the U.S. Government's Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) program and other designated priority countries.