This Pilot-Study for the Analysis of the Environmental Impacts of Commodities Traded in Switzerland evaluates the environmental impacts of commodities traded by Swiss companies without being physically transported to Switzerland. Like this, they are excluded from foreign trade statistics or input-output analysis. With Switzerland trading 20-65% of global trade, depending on the commodity, this pilot-study closes this gap.
This report, Aligning Investments with the Paris Agreement Temperature Goal: Challenges and opportunities for multilateral development banks, studies how Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) can operationalize their commitment to align financial flows with the Paris Agreement, focusing on alignment with the Paris temperature goal.
United Nations (UN), United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
This paper Albania: Environmental performance review is the third review showcasing the progress made in legal and policy frameworks, greening the economy, environmental monitoring, public participation and education for sustainable development. It also addresses issues of specific importance to the country, examines efforts of Albania to integrate environmental considerations into its policies, and provides a substantive and policy analysis of the countries climate change adaptation and mitigation measures and its participation in international mechanisms.
The report "What is Driving Changes in Local GHG Emissions?: Results from contribution analysis " presents the results obtained from the application of Contribution analysis, which was implemented in three sets of greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory data namely data from fifteen communities, GHG inventories from 138 local governments, and sixteen years of annual data for one city, Portland, Oregon, respectively. It summarizes the major determinants of community-scale performance in reducing GHG emissions and emphasizes the importance of documenting the data involving GHG activities, which should go beyond a basic description of the population, GDP and land area.
Radical Realism for Climate Justice: A civil Society response to the challenge of limiting global warming to 1.5°c, is a civil society response to the challenge of limiting global warming to 1.5°C while also paving the way for climate justice.
This report, Landscape of Domestic Climate Finance: Low-carbon investment 2011 - 2017, is a comprehensive study of domestic financial flows in favour of climate and the broader energy transition in France. The study maps the flows supporting investments leading to greenhouse gas mitigation across the French economy.
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
This briefing note, Public Cash for Oil and Gas: Mapping federal fiscal support for fossil fuels, looks to shed some light on the remaining subsidies to oil and gas production in Canada and focuses on two specific types of subsidies: direct transfers and fiscal exemptions made available to fossil fuel extraction and production.
This report, The Circular Economy Opportunity for Urban and Industrial Innovation in China, identifies opportunities across five focus areas, built environment, mobility, nutrition, textiles and electronics, shows that applying circular economy principles at scale could save businesses and households approximately CNY 70 trillion by 2040 (16% of China’s projected GDP).
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), International Resource Panel (IRP)
Resource efficiency is a key approach to decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation while enhancing human well-being. It stimulates innovation, the creation of new industries, and boosts economic competitiveness.