Just Transition Towards Environmentally Sustainable Economies and Societies for All

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December 2018
International Labour Organization (ILO)

This policy brief addresses the main challenges of the transition to a carbon-neutral economy. It outlines how the just transition can work in practice and what trade unions and workers’ organizations can do to support the achievement of global climate and sustainable development goals. It also presents a number of case studies – each corresponding to a specific challenge – that illustrate concrete examples that could help to formulate trade union strategies. Both positive and negative experiences are taken into account, followed by recommendations.

This brief complements the ILO's Guidelines for a just transition towards environmentally sustainable economies and societies for all – a policy framework and a practical tool to help countries at all levels of development manage the transition to low-carbon economies and can also help them achieve their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) and the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.