Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services for Asia and the Pacific

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October 2018
Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)

This Report provides a critical assessment of the full range of issues facing decision-makers, including the importance, status, trends and threats to biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people, as well as policy and management response options. Establishing the underlying causes of the loss of biodiversity and of nature’s contributions to people provides policymakers with the information needed to develop appropriate response options, technologies, policies, financial incentives and behavior changes.

The Assessment concludes that the region’s rich biodiversity and valuable ecosystems services provide vital support for human well-being and long-term sustainable development. While the region has enjoyed rapid economic growth, rapid urbanization and agricultural expansion, this has come at the expense of biodiversity. Socioeconomic and demographic changes are the major indirect drivers of the loss of biodiversity and of nature’s contributions to people, resulting in conversion and degradation of habitats, an increasing number of invasive alien species and pollution.

This Regional Assessment Report provides invaluable information for policymakers in Asia and the Pacific to make informed decisions regarding the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, the promotion of access to genetic resources, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their use. It also provides valuable information for the ongoing IPBES global assessment, to be released in May 2019 and is expected to inform discussions regarding the post-2020 global biodiversity framework under the Convention on Biological Diversity, as well as to inform action on implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals.