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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
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OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

The Policy Instruments for the Environment (PINE) database, maintained by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (

June 2018
As the world’s cities are growing, urban sprawl is getting worse. An new OECD study of 1,100 cities shows 60% of space is now low-density. This erratic city growth is damaging the environment. What can policy makers and governments do to move towards more sustainable cities?
July 2018
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Access to Private Finance for Green Investments: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Financing in Ukraine is a case study for the development of sustainable energy lending in Ukraine. It reviews the macro-economic and political context for green investments in Ukraine, before looking in more detail at the role and capacity of the banking sector.
May 2017
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
This paper, Investment Governance and the Integration of Environmental, Social and Governance Factors, examines how pension funds, insurance companies and asset managers approach environmental, social and governance (ESG) risks and opportunities in their portfolio investments.
February 2018
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
This report, OECD Urban Policy Reviews: Viet Nam, provides a comprehensive assessment of Viet Nam’s urban policies and analyses how national spatial planning for urban areas, along with specific sectoral policies, directly and indirectly affect Viet Nam’s urban development.
July 2018
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

This report, undertaken within the framework of the OECD Champion Mayors for Inclusive Growth initiative, assesses inclusive growth trends and challenges in the Seoul metropolitan area.

July 2018
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

The need to mainstream biodiversity into economic growth and development is being increasingly recognised and is now also firmly embedded in the Sustainable Development Goals.

April 2018
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
This paper, The Macroeconomics of the Circular Economy Transition, reviews the existing literature on modelling the macroeconomic consequences of the transition to a circular economy.
May 2018
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
This report, Improving Markets for Recycled Plastics: Trends, prospects and policy response, looks at why this is the case and what we can do about it, as the pervasiveness of plastics is becoming an urgent public health and planetary problem.
December 2017
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

This Environment Policy Paper, Making the Slovak Republic a More Resource Efficient Economy, identifies a number of options for improving resource efficiency in the Slovak Republic.

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