UN Environment, Environmental Law Institute, the Earth Institute at Columbia University, Duke University, University of California
Conflicts over natural resources are among the greatest challenges in 21st century geopolitics, and present serious threats to human security. At least 40 per cent of all internal armed conflicts over the past 65 years have had an important natural resource dimension.
New road construction is widely seen to aid economic development. New roads have also been shown to increase deforestation, suggesting development-environment tradeoffs for the locations where studies have focused to date.
The Environmental Stewardship Strategy presents a new corporate environmental management approach – one that reflects the realities and implications of the host of global environmental challenges, while integrating these into a truly holistic, comprehensive strategy.