Call For Public Comment On India's Resource Efficiency Policy

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31 January 2019

India is the third largest consumer of material after China and USA. With increasing economic growth, rapid urbanization, and rising human aspiration, the per capita consumption will tend to rise, thereby accelerating the future demand for resources. Augmenting resources would be a challenge in the future as the increasing imports of critical materials are exposed to volatile international prices, depreciating Indian currency and limited diversification of sources of imports. Therefore, there is a need to initiate the missing integrated thinking and efforts in mainstreaming efficiency in consumption and production of products across sectors and initiate the need for a coordinated approach to strategize and adopt a value chain thinking under a unified framework.

As a step towards mainstreaming RE thinking in India, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has set up Resource Efficiency Cell. It is considered an important step towards mainstreaming sustainable consumption and production in policy and practice. MoEF&CC is uniquely positioned to take the resource efficiency agenda forward through its reach and influence over a wide range of stakeholders and different ministries, leveraging the Environment (Protection) Act and Rules thereunder, which is the major legislative instrument currently available for driving resource use efficiency. MoEF&CC has signed a Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) with European Union under the Resource Efficiency Initiative project in India, implemented by the consortium GIZ, TERI, CII and adelphi. MoEF&CC has also signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with TERI, where TERI would be the knowledge partner of the RE Cell.

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), in consultation with the RE Cell, has prepared the ‘Reference Document towards Developing an Integrated Resource Efficiency Policy for India’. This further will be used in preparing the Integrated Resource Efficiency Policy.

Valuable comments and suggestions are solicited for further strengthening the content of the report. All stakeholders, including members of the public, are requested to kindly share their comments on this document via email to Dr Shilpi Kapur at and Souvik Bhattacharjya at, latest by 12 pm on 6th February 2019.