This report The Status of Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of Nationally Determined Contributions to Climate Actions in Myanmar provides the basic concepts of MRV, the expectations under Paris Agreement and the results of a detailed stakeholder and situation analysis conducted by GGGI to assess the current institutional capacity and data availability.
The practice of “MRV,” integrates three independent processes of measurement or monitoring (M), reporting (R), and verification (V). Conducting MRV helps countries understand key sources and sinks of emissions, design effective mitigation strategies as part of their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) or other programs, enables countries to meet their international reporting obligations, compare their national mitigation commitments, track emissions trends, build trust in their actions and reported data, unlock new sources of finance to tackle climate change by demonstrating impact and good governance practices, and so on.
Currently, the MRV related activities in Myanmar are associated with their second national communication to the UNFCCC and the monitoring of forest-related emissions and sinks under the UN-REDD program. Unfortunately, these fall short of a complete MRV system needed for their obligations under the Paris agreement.