Morocco National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS)

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January 2018
Document Type: 
National Development Plan
Government Entity: 
Kingdom of Morocco
Kingdom of Morocco
Coverage Date: 

The Kingdom of Morocco is determined to confront the challenges of the 21st century by turning sustainable development into a truly social project and development model under the enlightened guidance of His Majesty the King Mohammed VI. This commitment was already perceivable in 1992 when His Majesty, then Crown Prince, at the Rio Conference spoke of His ―Vision of the fundamentals for the establishment of a new social model. 

Since that time, this commitment to the fundamental principles of sustainable development has led to successive reforms designed to build solid foundations for sustainable development, improve the social conditions and accelerate the rhythm of environmental achievements via both preventive and corrective measures.

Development of the NSDS in Morocco is the result of a resolute commitment to bringing into fruition sustainable development. A national strategy for sustainable development is indicative of the support given to all players in the Nation, public and private, their sustainability efforts, each in its own field of action focusing on the strategic options and indicators constituting a wide-ranging consensus. The end purpose is to make readable and coherent the international commitments of a country with national, cross-cutting or sectoral policies.

The devising of a NSDS differs depending on the country. Each one must determine, contingent upon its culture, political history and environmental characteristics, the best approach with regard to the preparation and implementation of its NSDS. The sustainable strategy of Morocco should therefore be conceived on the basis of the policies put in place by the Kingdom and favor convergence, the complimentary nature and coherency between the various planning frameworks and processes.

The variety of projects initially launched and designed to confront urgent matters (economic, social, environmental and institutional) must today be consolidated around a social project as desired by His Majesty King Mohammed VI and supported by the active players in the Moroccan nation. The determined sectoral policies currently in place do indeed contribute to the development of Morocco in different degrees of sustainability. These have been developed in cooperation with the various stakeholders.

They constitute good guides for the concerned ministerial departments and relevant sectors. However, they are neither harmonized nor coordinated according to a common thread that would place Morocco in a dynamic of human development and environmental protection likely to help it confront the challenges of the century.

On top of that, the governmental governance of sustainable development, for historical reasons in Morocco, like in many other countries, is widely led by the administrative authorities in charge of the environment. The whole stakes of the NSDSconsist, one hand, of sustainably strengthening coherency, and on the other hand, extending sustainable development so that a vision of development is penetrated by the concept of sustainability and sharing.