Developed within the framework of the constitution Kenya National Spatial Plan 2015-2045: An integrated spatial plan for balanced and sustainable national development seeks to achieve promises Kenyans furnished themselves under the new constitution like the right to economy, the need for balanced development across the country, the right to clean and healthy environment and the right to property among others. It also lays a foundation on which Article 66, on the regulation of land uses, Article 68, on maximum and minimum land holding sizes and Article 69 on environment will be achieved.
The National Spatial Plan, which covers a long term period of thirty years (30) from 2015-2014, addresses land use, socio-economic and environmental issues to achieve balanced and sustainable spatial development and optimal land use across the country. The plan provides comprehensive strategies and policy guidelines to deal with issues of rural and urban development, modernizing agriculture, infrastructure, energy production, mining and industry, and sustainable human settlements. It will provide a spatial framework for anchoring Vision 2030 flagship projects. The plan is also a coordinating framework for various sectors involved in spatial planning and implementation. Last but not least the NSP forms the basis upon which lower level plans in the country shall be prepared which include regional plans, country spatial plans, local physical development plans, and urban plans.