Trade & Environment Database - TREND

Platform or Tool

TREND analytics is a joint project of the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) in Bonn, Germany, and Jean-Frédéric Morin, Chairholder of the Canada Research Chair in International Political Economy at Laval University, Canada.

TREND analytics is based on a comprehensive dataset developed by Jean-Frédéric Morin: The TRade and ENvironment Database (TREND) is a unique dataset which tracks more than 300 different environmental provisions relying on the full texts of about 630 preferential trade agreements (PTAs) signed since 1945. Besides the main text, annexes, protocols, side agreements, and side letters have been included as integral parts of the PTA. The database has already been used for cutting-edge research. In order to make TREND useful for broader audiences, including policy-makers, business, academics and the civil society, DIE and Laval University collaborated in setting up TREND analytics.

The interactive world map gives you an overview of the number of environmental-related provisions by country in the chosen period: the greener a country bubble, the more environment-related provisions it has signed per trade agreement. The size of the bubble is based on the total number of environment-related provisions the respective country has included in all its PTAs. We call these coded items “provisions” rather than “clauses”, "norms" or “rules”. This is not a reflection of their level of obligation, as some provisions are merely aspirational while others are highly enforceable.

TREND analytics – how to use the online tool

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