Ecosystem-base Adaptation: A handbook for EbA in mountain, dryland and coastal ecosystems

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Ecosystem-based Adaptation: A handbook for EbA in mountain, dryland and coastal ecosystem provides practical step-by-step guidance for planning and implementing EbA in developing countries to help address the increasing impacts of climate change. 

Part I introduces the concept of EbA, setting out five key principles for effective EbA, based on broad practical experience to date. It introduces the key stakeholders, the principles of participatory action research (PAR) that underpin a community-led approach, and the importance of engaging government actors. It highlights the similarities and differences between EbA in drylands, mountain and coastal ecosystems, and provides an overview of each key step in the EbA planning and implementation process. 

Part II introduces mountain, coastal and dryland socioecological systems, their vulnerability to climate change, and the types of EbA activities that have proved effective.

Part III provides provides step-by-step guidance for planning and implementing EbA interventions on the ground, structured around eight key steps in the project cycle: 

Step 1. Exploring viability and mobilising stakeholders
Step 2. Understanding the ecosystem and livelihoods context
Step 3. Analysing climate risks and vulnerability
Step 4. Understanding the role of ecosystem services in adaptation
Step 5. Identifying and designing priority EbA actions
Step 6. Implementing EbA actions on the ground
Step 7. Monitoring and Evaluation for learning
Step 8. Mainstreaming EbA and promoting synergies Each step comprises key sub-steps, participatory methods and technical aspects to consider.
The handbook also provides links to useful resources and tools (both generic and ecosystem-specific) for each step in the project cycle, drawing on EbA, Community-based Adaptation (CbA) and participatory practice.
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