Rwanda Natural Capital Accounts - Land

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March 2018
Source: 
Government of Rwanda, National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR), Ministry of Environment of Rwanda, Wealth Accounting and the Valuation of Ecosystem Services (WAVES), World Bank Group

This case study, Rwanda Natural Capital Accounts - Land, focuses on assets and changes in land use, land cover, and land values through Natural Capital Accounting approach. Natural Capital Accounting can add value in the development planning process, inform economic and statistics departments, and raise attention on economically important natural resource sectors.

In Rwanda, land is the basis for agriculture and rural livelihoods, but it faces pressures from population growth, the need for jobs, and rapid urbanization, as well as vulnerability to changes in climate, weather extremes, and rainfall patterns. Natural Capital Accounts for land can provide information about the land assets, changes in land use and land cover, land availability and productivity, as well as the potential for and constraints to agricultural growth, a key pillar of Rwanda’s development agenda.

The Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy and the National Strategy for Transformation aim to ensure that development in Rwanda protects the environment and builds resilience to threats posed by climate change while sustaining economic, social, and cultural growth. Natural Capital Accounting is an approach for analysing trends and trade-offs in the use of the country’s land, water, minerals and ecosystem assets. Natural Capital Accounting can add value in the development planning process, inform economic and statistics departments, and raise attention on economically important natural resource sectors. In contrast, Gross Domestic Product is a traditional measure of economic performance, but does not yet fully cover the underlying wealth and natural assets that sustain income.

Country: 
Rwanda
Sectors: 
Agriculture