This case study, Entry Points for Mainstreaming Ecosystem-based Adaptation - The Case of Philipines, is conducted by GIZ in Philipines to understand the entry points of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA), and who were the pivotal parties, and how EbA can be further expanded in each country in the future. This study also stresses the importance of including EbA in the Climate Change Cluster on Adaptation and Mitigation Disaster Risk Reduction agenda.
The study defines “entry points” as windows for opportunity to influence decision-making that may occur at all levels of governance as well as situations or processes that help gain the interest of policy makers, important stakeholders or the broader public for mainstreaming EbA.
Due to its geographic location and development patterns, the Philippines is among the most vulnerable countries to climate change in the world. The main hazards affecting the population are rise in sea levels, extreme rainfall events, extreme heating events, increased ocean temperatures, and disturbed water budget. Although the term EbA is fairly new to the Philippines, practitioners in the field of environment conservation and protection as well as advocates for climate change adaptation are very familiar with the concept. Stemming from conservation efforts, the Philippines has several policies and climate change and conservation frameworks on which EbA efforts can build. There is, however, a need to further analyse and harmonize these regulatory documents.