In this study the Total Economic Value (TEV) framework was applied.
Sub-Saharan Africa faces the worst land degradation in the world. This jeopardizes its efforts to reduce poverty as most rural livelihoods depend heavily on natural resources.
Niger’s natural resource management policies and institutions in colonial and post-independence times have discouraged landowners to plant or protect trees. The consequent land clearing led to severe scarcity of tree products.
Access to modern energy is vital for sustainable development.
Land degradation is a severe economic and environmental challenge for Uzbekistan. It has a negative impact on agricultural production, and on rural incomes and livelihoods.